Resection of the ovary involved with consideration of later removal of another ovary after child bearing capacity. its incidence is high in late 50's. For this abdomen is opened and explore,a tissue from the site is taken out for pathology studies. It requires detailed patient history, clinical evaluation, surgical exploration,and some histological studies.
For the patient who doesn't like to have more child Total Abdominal Hysterectomy with Bilateral Salpingo Oophorectomy can be done.
How Can we prevent from having ovarian cancer?
The most important is by avoiding the risk factors which we have discussed above. If cancer is confirm oophorectomy(removal of total ovary) is done.
Accurate pathologic evaluations and thorough surgical staging are essential to the management of early stage disease.There are 3 main types of ovarian cancer
Primary epithelial cancer comprises of 80-90% of all ovarian cancer and are classified into Serous (40%) Endometrioid (24%) Mucinous, clean cells,transitional cells and undifferentiated carcinoma.
Other Risk factors may Plain bearing be repeated radiography of pelvis, late menarche and artificial menopause. Patients with stage Ia grade 1 or grade 2 tumors have very good prognosis and may not require additional chemo therapy.
There are some evidence that women who receives HRT after menopause have slightly increase risk for cancer but only with high dose and long-term use.
Despite the common beliefs that early stage ovaries cancer is with out symptoms most women with ovaries cancer have vague symptoms such as lower abdominal pain abdominal distention and epigastric discomfort.